It is also called ecological tourism, is a type of tourism which is concerned with the effects of pollution on the environment. The direct result of this is the promotion of tourism, primarily to places where the environmental effects are more severe than normal.
Heavier metals andumerous concentrates of industrial waste such as oil and refined petroleum productsproduce more emissions than usual when hectares of virgin forests are felled, for example to make the timber that is needed for the furnishing of livelihood of local people.
The moreineries, mills and factories that are situated along the coast or in the rivers are an additional cause of environmental pollution. Also the fishing, boating and hikingdestinations draw many visitors who do not seem to be concerned about the effects of their actions. For example whaling in the Antarctic, or fishing for coral in the Amazon rainforests, are not generally prohibited, but these activities are restricted to clearly signposted and well managed areas, with no hunting allowed.
Therefore ecological tourism can be seen as an effective way to promote long term sustainable use of natural resources while at the same time providing responsible services to local people. In addition it can be seen as an effective way of generating money and employment in developing countries.
The experience of watching first hand natural and cultural resources being destroyed, and the poorer areas being damaged and exploited for profit seems to somewhat dismay people. However the need for responsible tourism cannot be such great that it prevents people from taking holidays in the proximity of polluting facilities or making donations to organisations which protect the sites.
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The direct benefits of ecological tourism appear to be many. Firstly it is an effective way to raise funds for projects to preserve as long as the heritage status is maintained. This has the added advantage of creating an alternative source of income for those sites.
It is also a great way to create an educational awareness for people of all ages. Children are typically taught about our delicate relationship with the land. On school trips to the USA for example, this message is often emphasized, and it is important that the youngest members of the family are thoroughly entertained and involved in every aspect of the experience.
In addition, the tourism industry is an effective way to gain friends and then has the direct benefit of its influence in promoting a cause. This is because the majority of the profits that arise from the travelling of groups of people are reaped from the sale of gifts and souvenirs to local people. In this way the visiting tourist not only benefits the local community but also the benefit of spreading their message around the world.
It is often seen that when there is a breakdown of the natural environment, we have the opportunity to visit those places that were previously inaccessible. This has both positive and negative effects. The most important negative effect is theination of polluted waters. Once you have visited a polluted area you will not want to stay there for the duration of your stay.
On the other hand, when the tourism industry is well managed, it provides the communities around those areas with a means to generate income which will otherwise be received by central authorities in the form of taxes. This not only ensures that the sites are properly maintained but also that visitors have the opportunity to receive a personal service in situations where the standard of service is sub-standard.
It is the combination of responsible tourism practices together with developed infrastructure which is attracting more and more visitors to the continent.